The darknet or deep web is called the hidden part of the Internet. An immense parallel and anonymous network of impressive dimensions such as to dominate the free-to-air Internet, which today has millions of connected visitors from all over the planet.
It is an alternative network to the Internet, a portion of the web that is not indexed by search engines, in fact a huge container of information composed of over 200,000 sites, reachable and usable only by those who know its allocation through the use of particular tools.
In the deep web there is a quantity of data available 500 times more than that present on the conventional Internet.
This hidden network parallel to the Internet has experienced a great expansion in the immediate aftermath of the closure by the US authorities of Mega upload, a community frequented by millions of users who from the most famous among the file hosting portals downloaded intellectual works protected by copyright.
Frightened by the danger of identification in case of illicit actions, web surfers have dedicated themselves to the search for environments in which to surf able to guarantee anonymity, until they find in the darknet the answer to their needs.
It was born, therefore, as an anonymous network used by oppressed political and religious dissidents and persecuted by totalitarian and despotic governments, by those who could not make their voices heard because they were oppressed or censored, or as a vehicle for communication of activists with the rest of the world on the occasion of revolutionary movements or social unrest such as those that occurred recently in Iran or Syria. The darknet has become, however, today a parallel network, within which there are no rules and no laws apply.
Darknet illegal zone of the internet
In short, a huge bazaar of the illegal, a free zone in which anyone can smuggle and buy everything, from weapons, to drugs, to false documents.
As is known, online browsing leaves indelible traces, which the authorities responsible for investigations can easily recover, even in a later period than the commission of a crime or a cyber attack and therefore it becomes extremely easy to acquire all the information that will then be necessary to identify those responsible for actions contra legem.
The web therefore offers those who have to carry out investigations more opportunities to identify the person responsible for a possible crime, even compared to what is possible in the real world.
The deep web, on the other hand, is the network that subverts the above paradigm, making the net users who access it untraceable and therefore undetectable, with all the consequences that derive from it with respect to the consequential non-applicability of any national law.
Many users like to preserve their anonymity during navigation and decide to browse by hiding their identity for legitimate reasons of privacy, for personal safety or even because, having to commit illegal actions, they intend to guarantee non-traceability.
Tor anonymity safe yourself from the hacker attacks
A solution to which many resort is the use of the so-called public anonymous, or servers that act as intermediaries and therefore as a screen with respect to the data allocated on the user’s computer.The server of the visited site sees the IP address of the proxy server instead of that of the user and is deceived. Tor (acronym for The Onion Routine), is a well-known anonymous communication system that uses layered encryption.
The Tor project aims to protect web users from traffic analysis through a network of onion routers, managed directly by volunteers, which allow anonymous outgoing traffic and the realization of hidden anonymous services.
The original and laudable goal of the project to guarantee the right to manifest one’s thoughts in situations or environments in which such exercise is prohibited (in this regard, think of those totalitarian states such as China in which censorship is still strong, especially against a media such as the Internet), can be delegitimized by the dishonest use that many cybernauts make of the particular tool.
From a strictly technical point of view, within the Tor network, the data that is part of a communication does not pass directly from the customer to the server, but moves through the Tor servers that behave like routers giving life to an encrypted virtual circuit.
The use of layered encryption, an expression from which the word onion derives, which in English means onion, guarantees the confidentiality of data.
In fact, each onion router determines which node of the network to send packets to and negotiates a cryptographic key pair to send the data securely; in this way, no observer, positioned at any point of the circuit, will be able to monitor the connection.
Ultimately, the procedures for accessing the submerged web therefore differ from the standard canons of the Internet.
Entering the darknet is rather easy and the only feasible procedure does not require computer skills from hackers or consummate users; said simplicity of access to a world so full of charm, but at the same time dangerous, is one of the reasons why today many children and adolescents choose to browse the deep web instead of the classic web.
For many, it is here that it is possible to satisfy the natural thirst for experiences and the legitimate desire to experiment, but as often happens, an innate predisposition and a developed dexterity in the use of multimedia devices and the web in general, does not correspond to a necessary knowledge and mastery of the rules (technical and mainly legal) that underlie the use of the Internet (and, in this case, of the submerged web).
Thanks to the multimedia tam tam that dominates the web they are aware that it is in the darknet that they can find everything they want, and they know that here they do not run the risk of being tracked and identified, even if they decide to carry out illegal actions.
Darknet is a great place for people who want to make good money and do it quickly and easily. For example, you can buy a card with a balance and cash out the money these cards are sold very cheap and with one card you can get about $500. There are people who take advantage of this moment and open fake stores of real vendors and trick people into taking money, and these people are crooks. There is a notion in darknet called scam list of tor and these sites will keep you away from scammers. It publishes a lot of scam links that are engaged in fraud. With these links, you will know which site you should not visit.
Scam lists of tor are an inseparable part of the darknet. There are now hundreds of such sites in darknet that help newcomers to darknet to make their choice correctly. You can find such a list of tor scam sites on our site, too.
To enter the submerged web, common search engines are therefore not usable, but there are scam list of tor reachable through some sites, in which there are a large number of links, each of which, usually, inalvea to content allocated on a darknet PC.
This means, of course, that if a computer disconnects, the content on it will no longer be accessible on the network.
The connections within the network are however slow, this is due to the fact that to protect the anonymity of users, data packets are not sent directly, but are encrypted and conveyed through bounces between various computers.
In the darknet, the user will find himself in front of a different web, graphically sparse, devoid of attractive graphic layouts and colorful advertising banners, the feeling is that of being in the middle of an incredible and dreamlike market full of stalls on which you can find everything,
In the slums of the web nothing is prohibited, the darknet was designed to be free and pirated, a bazaar in which they can move undisturbed and open windows, multimedia merchants from all over the world, unscrupulous and ready to negotiate on everything.
About the currency of Darknet
The currency used in the deep web is bitcoin, a virtual currency invented by a Japanese programmer, with a unit value of about 3.8 euros, structured on an encryption system that anonymizes transactions.
But, while some experts argue that those who do the investigations could trace back to who bought and sold in the deep web given that all the movements of said coin are tracked by a server, the deep web sites claim that every time their customers define a deal, the servers send so many simultaneous fictitious operations that tracing back to the real perpetrators is virtually unfeasible.
However, it should be emphasized that the deep web is not only crime and crime, but a part of the submerged web has preserved the original purpose that determined its birth, remaining that virtual space within which activists can communicate without being intercepted, a virtual meeting center for political and religious militants, but also the network used by governments around the world to monitor terrorist networks and areas in turmoil of the planet.
Tor browser and criminal world on darknet
From a legal point of view, using anonymization tools such as proxy or TOR does not constitute a crime, just as it does not in itself represent a violation of the legal system to enter the deep web; it should be emphasized, however, that since the encrypted data of the connections of the various users are transferred from PC to PC randomly, it could happen that illegal material is found to transit on a certain computer without the knowledge of the owner of the machine, and at that point the crime may already have been configured.
At present, there are no precedents in this regard.
From a technical point of view, access to the darknet is strongly discouraged mainly because of the dangers of malware infection and exposure to cyber attacks to which web surfers’ computers are subjected when they access the hidden Internet.
Finally, due account must be taken of the fact that even by purchasing legal products from deep web sellers, in the event that the user is deceived, does not receive what he paid or receives products that do not comply with what is desired, for the buyer it will be practically useless to file a complaint with the competent offices as the retailer will not be in any way identifiable.